ما هي أنواع الرفق وأمثلة على كل نوع

What are the types of kindness and examples of each type is the topic that will be dealt with next, as some believe that kindness is a term limited to animal kindness, but kindness is a broad term that includes various aspects of human life, and we will learn about the definition of kindness and the complete types of kindness on the reference site. And what should a person do in order to be kind and on the signs of kindness and the effects of kindness and the benefits of kindness.

What is companionship?

The term kindness refers to kindness and softness of the side and it is against violence, and it is the choice of good words and good deeds in dealing with others, and from that it is said: be kind to something and be kind to it and be kind to it, and from it be kind and gentle, and be kind and gentle with the man and accompany him in the sense as well as the son of him said, Hajar, may God have mercy on him, defines kindness: “Gentleness is the softness of the side in word, deed, and taking the easiest, and it is against violence.” As for the Qari, he defined kindness by saying: “It is politeness with companions, softness on the side, and kindness in taking matters in the best and easiest ways.” .[1]

A school radio about kindness and non-violence in full

What are the types of attachment?

There are many types of kindness in Islamic law, and Islam has urged the application of all kinds of kindness because it is a religion of mercy, peace and love. According to the category with which kindness is applied, and in the following, the types of kindness will be mentioned with a detailed definition of each type:[5]

Innate Compassion

It is a feeling that God Almighty created in all creatures, and it is subjective that stems from the same living being, whether it is a human being or others, and therefore, no matter how cruel a person or creature is, it must be within it something of mercy resulting from innate gentleness, where Some people show softness, kindness and tenderness in words and actions in an exaggerated way, and there are people who show extreme cruelty in words and actions as well, but the best of things are the middle ones, and the presence of innate kindness was indicated by the hadith of the Messenger of God on the authority of Zare’ bin Amer that he said: “You have two qualities. God loves them forbearance and patience. He said: O Messenger of God! Am I created with them, or did God create them for me? He said: Rather, God created you on them. He said: Praise be to God who made me have two traits that God and His Messenger love.[2]

Earned Compassion

In addition to the innate kindness, man has what is called acquired kindness, which results from learning, practice, and getting used to. Masoud, may God be pleased with him, reported that the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, said: “The believer is not slandered, cursed, obscene, or obscene.”[3]

Compassion with others

One of the greatest types of kindness is that a person is kind to the people around him, so he is kind to the young, has mercy on the poor and the weak, respects the old, and sets an example for people in dealing and morals. Kindness, as he, peace and blessings of God be upon him, said: “O Aisha, God is gentle and loves kindness, and He gives to kindness what He does not give to violence, and what He does not give to others.”[4]

Compassion with oneself

And it is kindness with the self, because a person should not be hard on himself, for yourself has a right over you as stated in the honorable hadith, so a person should not carry himself beyond his capacity, and God Almighty does not like for a servant to tire himself or be hard on her, especially if he leads to it. to destruction, where the Almighty said: “And spend in the way of God, and do not throw yourself into destruction” and do good.[6]

Compassion in the invitation

Islam is a religion of mercy and peace, and the Islamic call is based on exhortation and arguing with the truth, and this is what God Almighty has commanded. people Vimillwa to his call, God Almighty said: “Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching, and argue with them in the best manner that is your Lord knows who strayed from him which I know Palmetdan”[7] He also directed his speech to the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him: “including the mercy of God Lent if you’re rough and the heart to shake around you forgive them and ask forgiveness for them and go ahead it determined, then put your trust in God that God loves those who trust.”[8]

Kindness to the parish

And this type is concerned with everyone who assumed a leadership position over a group of people, starting with the head of the state or the king and ending with the lowest position in the state, because every shepherd is responsible for his flock, whether they are the people of his house or servants in his house or employees in any company or department he manages, and in The hadith on the authority of Aisha bint Abi Bakr, the Mother of the Believers, may God be pleased with her and be pleased with her, that the Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, said: “Oh God, whoever is in charge of my nation’s affairs in something and causes them to be wretched, then be grievous to him.[9]

kindness to women

There is a lot of talk about women’s rights and how women should be dealt with, and a Muslim should not neglect that kindness to women was repeatedly recommended by the Messenger of God, peace and blessings be upon him. And in the hadith on the authority of Anas bin Malik, may God be pleased with him, he said: “The Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, was on a journey, and a young boy was driving them, and it was said to him: Anjasha, so the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, said: O Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace. Abu Qilabah said: It means women. [وفي رواية]The Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, had a sharp man who was called Angusheh, and he had a good voice, so the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, said to him: Take you, O Angusheh, to Qusar. Qatadah said: It means the weakness of women.[10] The women were likened to bottles and ordered to be gentle with them.

Kindness to the servant and the owned

And it falls under the category of kindness to the subjects, so a Muslim is not required to be harsh towards his servant, his property, or the employee who works for him, whether at home or at work. and clothe him, and he is not required to work except what he can bear.”[11] This indicates the necessity of being kind to the servant and the owned in everything.

animal welfare

Kindness in Islam is not limited to other people only, God Almighty has commanded kindness to animals, and this was mentioned in many honorable prophetic hadiths from the Messenger of God, peace and blessings be upon him, and in the hadith on the authority of Saeed bin Jubayr, may God have mercy on him, that he said: “Ibn Omar passed by young boys Quraish had set up birds, and they throw him, and they have made to the owner of the bird all the wrong of nobility, when they saw the son of Omar dispersed, the son of Omar said: Who did this cursed God, who did this? The Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, has cursed him who uses the spirit as a purpose.”[12]

Is it permissible to have mercy on animals?

Examples of types of attachment

After going over the types of kindness, examples of kindness will be mentioned and some examples of each type of kindness will be mentioned in detail in the following:

Examples of innate kindness

Innate kindness is the most prominent type of kindness, and it is common to all living creatures, including humans and animals, and one of the most famous examples of innate kindness is the abundant motherhood that God Almighty has placed in the heart of every mother of his creatures, no matter how cruel the animal is, the mother is always characterized by kindness towards her children, even monsters. In the wilderness she is sympathetic to her children, and in humans as well, we find that a woman, no matter how cruel she is in dealing with people, remains merciful and kind to her children, and this is one of the signs of innate kindness.

Examples of Earned Kindness

The various manners and ways of dealing with other people that a person receives, whether at home or at school, are examples of acquired kindness, such as the way of thanking others for doing any kindness, or apologizing if something is wrong with a person, and learning how to be kind to the poor and help him as much as possible. Or helping a helpless old man on the way to meet his needs, and so on.

Examples of kindness in dealing with others

One of the most important examples that express kindness with others is providing assistance to those who need it, such as helping a helpless person to cross the road, helping a poor child get something he needs of food or clothing as much as possible, and not yelling at someone if he makes a mistake. and so on.

Examples of self-compassion

There are many examples of self-compassion, which is that a person does not burden himself beyond his capacity and increases the number of working hours until he exhausts his body, and does not overburden himself in worship, for example. Another example is that he takes good care of his health and goes to the doctor in the event of any illness and treatment. himself, and not neglecting the physical and psychological requirements of his body.

Examples of kindness in the invitation

One of the most important examples of kindness in the call is that the preacher does not initiate harsh words with people and does not begin to mention the person’s faults or his approach, even if it is a mistake, except through arguing with goodness, and even if the caller cannot achieve something and others do not respond to him, he must not be hard on them, but rather treat them With all respect and politeness, this is the origin of kindness above all in the call to God Almighty.

Examples of kindness with the parish

Every official, regardless of his position, must be characterized by constant gentleness in all matters of the parish. Examples of this include treating them with justice and kindness, not oppressing anyone, regardless of their status, providing aid to everyone who needs it, and not insulting, cursing, or showing resentment against anyone because he is the one who put himself He is responsible for them and must accept their questions and everything they say.

Examples of kindness to women

Examples of kindness towards women are very many, so the woman should not be deprived of the rights granted to her by God Almighty in learning, work and choice. God Almighty, and respect for women in general is a sign of kindness to women.

Examples of kindness to servants and owners

An example of this is providing food, drink and clothing to him. These matters were mentioned by the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, in the previous hadith. In addition, he should not hit or reprimand the servant, but rather address him with respect and tact as if he were a human being and doing his natural work without detracting from his person.

Examples of animal welfare

Examples of kindness to animals include providing food to them, not locking them up, and not using them for a purpose to be targeted. The Messenger of God indicated in the hadith narrated by Abu Huraira, may God be pleased with him, that the Messenger of God, peace and blessings be upon him, said: “A man was walking, and he became very thirsty, so he went down a well. , and he drank them, and then came out. If is a dog panting eat rest of thirst, he said: I was like this, which reached me, consecrated lightness and then grabbed him Pfih, then paper, is feeling the dog, God thanked him, forgave him, they said: O Messenger of Allah And that we have a reward in the beasts? He said: There is a reward for every wet liver.[13]

The authenticity of a hadith forbidden to the fire, every easy thing is easy

The fruits of kindness

The application of kindness has many great fruits that benefit man in this world and the hereafter. In the following, the benefits of compassion and kindness in human life will be mentioned in detail:[14]

  • Kindness and its qualities are a path that leads to heaven, God willing.
  • It is evidence of the perfection of faith, good Islam and morals.
  • Gentleness leads to the realization of the love of God Almighty and the love of people.
  • Kindness, leniency and mercy develop the spirit of love and cooperation among all people.
  • The effects of kindness are evidence of the faith and righteousness of the servant, his good manners and his covenant.
  • With kindness, society becomes peaceful and free from malice, violence, malice and hatred.
  • Kindness is the title of Muslim happiness in the first and the hereafter.
  • The application of kindness decorates all things.
  • The effects of kindness are evidence of the companion’s jurisprudence, patience, wisdom, mercy and morals.
  • Kindness results in good manners in dealing with others.
  • Kindness and softness bring blessing and goodness in human life.

At the end of an article, What are the types of kindness and examples of each type, we know what kindness is, and we have learned about all kinds of kindness mentioned by the Noble Sharia, which differ according to the image of the person with whom kindness is applied, and we know the effects of kindness and the benefits of kindness and the fruits of kindness and so on.


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